The Library is dedicated to the late David Andrew Caldwell.


Caldwell Colliers by Tom Caldwell

It is a fact that there is no coalmining in Ireland. Most of the coal used in Ireland was exported from the West Coast of Scotland or from Cumberland. Consequently Caldwell’s who emigrated overseas and sought employment in the mining industry would have to have been Scots rather than Irish if they came with any experience.

Caldwell Timeline by David A. Caldwell

10,000-7000 BC Resettlement in present day Scotland by hunter-gatherers (stone age paleolithic people). The face, jaw and teeth are about 10% more robust than ours. The paleolithic people have the short stocky build common today among Eskimoes, but with longer faces. Although often described as primitive and savage, these people leave behind cave paintings and burial sites showing artistic skill and belief in the afterlife.

Midland Caldwells by David A. Caldwell

The original Anglo-Saxon dwellings at Caldwell Northumbria were of timber. The Anglo-Saxons commonly erected dwellings close to one another on small tracts of privately owned land where crops were grown. The outlying woods and meadows were held in common for hunting and grazing. Almost 300 years elapsed after their peak arrival in the late fifth century before Anglo-Saxons began erecting stone buildings.

Honoring Rachel Caldwell (1742-1825) by David A. Caldwell

In 1766, Rachel Craighead (1742-1825), age 24, the daughter of Scotch-Irish Presbyterian pastor, Rev. Alexander Craighead (1705-1766), and his wife, Jane, married 41 year old Rev. David Caldwell (1725-1824). The age difference between David and Rachel was not uncommon, although it was more common for a man age 41 to marry a women in her 30’s. Southern professional men tended to marry late while choosing young brides.

Biography of Rev. David Caldwell (1725-1824) by David A. Caldwell

My father, Isaac Pearson Caldwell, Jr., grew up in Mecklenburg County, North Carolina, and loved to tell me stories about Rev. David Caldwell and his relatives. My mother, Elisabeth, of Scotch-Irish and Pennsylvania-German descent, grew up in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, and encouraged me to learn more about that County’s early settlers.

Origins of Caldwell Surname by David A. Caldwell

I believe the Scotch surname Caldwell more likely derives from the Old English/Anglo-Saxon words, “caeld weille,” or “caelde waellen,” meaning cold water welling from a fissure in the earth, i.e., artesian well, than from the many alternative explanations. I have never been to Scotland. I never looked at the primary documents of Scotland, as have others, in researching the issue. I am neither a genealogist nor certified lineal descendant. So I am not an expert. But this is my story and I am sticking with it.

The Caldwell Enigma -- For our sons and grandchildren and our descendents by David Caldwell

Quite a lot of theories have been suggested as to the origin of our name, although the majority of them have been well thought out and put forward there is little chance of us ever proving if any of them are correct. I would like to put forward my theory on the origin and my reasons.

A Caldwell Connection to Henry III by Michael Caldwell

The Caldwell’s of Northern Ireland beginning with the children of John Caldwell and Mary Swetenham are direct descendants of Henry III, King of England. There is further direct lineage to Louis VIII of France and Frederick Barbarossa, Holy Roman Emperor. There are dozens of links to royal cousins, aunts and uncles throughout Europe based on these three great-grandfathers alone. This article concerns itself with the specifics to Henry III.