Alexander Caldwell

Biography
Presby Minister. Moved from Pa to NC. Served under General Nathaneal Greene-Patriot Index #0672271. Died of Camp Fever during Rev. War. Widow moved to Greene County, which later became part of Tn in 1796.


From David A. Caldwell-a descendent:
i. Alexander Caldwell. He was born in 1735 in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania. Biographer Eli Caruthers wrote that Alexander was named after the family pastor, Alexander Craighead. He moved to Guilford Co., North Carolina, and bought land next to the farm of his brother, David. His wife was Margaret. He fought for the North Carolina militia under Gen. Nathaneal Greene in the Carolinas. Alexander Caldwell is listed in the Patriot Index as No. 0672271. He attended Buffalo Presbyterian Church. The loss of church records by fire and missing grave markers prevent us from knowing whether he is buried at the Buffalo Presbyterian Church cemetery. He was appointed as the Justice of Peace in 1776 of Guilford Co., North Carolina. He died in August 1784 in Guilford Co., due to a fever that he had acquired during the Guilford County Courthouse Battle. After the settlement of his estate, his surviving wife and children, along with many Scots-Irish, moved to Greene County in the foothills of the Great Smokey Mountains, which later became a part of the State of Tennessee in June of 1796. Alexander's children included Mary, Samuel, Thomas, Martha, Margaret and Rachel. These children are the first of my ancestors to move to Tennessee. Presbyterianism became the first religion among white settlers established in that State. Today about one in five Tennesseans can trace their roots back to this early immigration. By 1790, the new Presbyterian communities in North Carolina no longer offered cheap land, and the new generation sought cheaper prices, ample acreage, and better economic opportunity in Tennessee and Kentucky. The pattern ofPresbyterian colonization, which had led daughter colonies from Scotland to Ulster, from Belfast, Londonderry, Larne, Newry and Portrush across an ocean to Pennsylvania, and then down the backcountry of Virginia to central North Carolina, repeated itself once again. Young families, like Alexander Caldwell’s surviving children, decided to move west, where they could grow corn and erect mills and stills. The first colonies to attract numerous former members of Rev. David Caldwell's congregations clustered in the border counties of Logan and Sumner. Alexander Caldwell’s family chose Greene County, Tennessee. The Scots-Irish immigrants brought with them traditions of storytelling, singing, dancing, and making whiskey ("white-lightning"). The square dance, clogging to fiddle-backed music, has its origins in the Scots-Irish jig. These mountain settlers threatened to bring up arms against the government of George Washington that sought to impose taxes on their whiskey in 1794, but the matter was settled.
Facts
  • 1735 - Birth - ; Lancaster Co., Pa.
  • Aug 1784 - Death - ; Guilford C., NC
Ancestors
   
Joseph Alexander Caldwell
9 Jan 1657 - 3 Sep 1730
 
 
Andrew Caldwell
1693 - 1752
  
  
  
 
Alexander Caldwell
1735 - Aug 1784
  
 
  
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Family Group Sheet - Child
PARENT (M) Andrew Caldwell
Birth1693Londonderry/Donegal/Fermanagh
Death1752 Lancaster Co. Pa.
Marriage1716to Martha Ann (Cousin) Stewart
FatherJoseph Alexander Caldwell
MotherJane Mcghee (Mcghie) Caldwell
PARENT (F) Martha Ann (Cousin) Stewart
Birth
Death
Marriage1716to Andrew Caldwell
Father?
Mother?
CHILDREN
MAndrew Caldwell
Birth1722
Death1788
Marriage1747to Isabella Andrews
MDavid Caldwell DD DD
Birth23 Mar 1725Lancaster Co. Pa.
Death1824Mecklenburg Co. NC.
Marriageunkto Rachel Craighead
MJohn Caldwell
BirthABT 1736
Death12 Jun 1812Lancaster Co., Pa.
MAlexander Caldwell
Birth1735Lancaster Co., Pa.
DeathAug 1784Guilford C., NC
Marriageto Margaret
Family Group Sheet - Spouse
PARENT (M) Alexander Caldwell
Birth1735Lancaster Co., Pa.
DeathAug 1784 Guilford C., NC
Marriageto Margaret
FatherAndrew Caldwell
MotherMartha Ann (Cousin) Stewart
PARENT (F) Margaret
Birth
Death1839 Tn
Marriageto Alexander Caldwell
Father?
Mother?
CHILDREN
MSamuel Caldwell
Birth30 Jan 1772Guilford Co, NC
Death1841Greene Co., Tn.
MarriageABT 1798to Mary Rogers
MThomas Caldwell
Birth
Death
FMary Caldwell
Birth
Death
FMartha Caldwell
Birth
Death
FMargaret Caldwell
Birth
Death
FRachel Caldwell
Birth
Death
M"Third Son " Caldwell
Birth
Death
Descendancy Chart